Methods of business valuation

There are many methods used to value a business, but the most common are:

1. Income statement - calculates the profit and loss for a specific period of time

2. Balance sheet - assesses the company's financial position

3. Cash flow statement - displays the company's cash flow over a specific period of time

4. Pro forma income statement and balance sheet - provides an estimate of how the company would have performed if certain events had not occurred

5. Price/earnings (P/E) ratio - measures how expensive a stock is relative to its earnings

Valuation ratios

The valuation ratio is a key tool in business valuation. It is the most widely accepted method of measuring the worth of a company. The four most common valuation ratios used in business are price-to-earnings (P/E), price-to-cash flow (P/CF), price-to-book value (P/BV), and enterprise value to EBITDA (EV/EBITDA).

The P/E ratio measures how much an asset or stock is worth compared to the company's earnings. The P/CF ratio measures how much profit a company has generated compared to the amount of debt it has taken on. The P/BV ratio measures how much money a company has generated compared to the value of its stock. The EV/EBITDA ratio measures how much an enterprise is worth, taking into account its borrowings and other liabilities.


In this article, we will be discussing what business valuation is and why it is important for businesses of all sizes. We will also be looking at different methods businesses use to measure their value, and explain the pros and cons of each. Finally, we will give you a few tips on how to go about doing your own business valuation. If you have any questions or would like clarification on anything covered in this article, please don’t hesitate to leave a comment below.